Self-Reported Reasons for Changes in Performance of Daily Activities During a 2-Year Multidisciplinary Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation
Few multidisciplinary rehabilitation studies with a heterogeneous design have focused on individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). This study compared subjective-reported changes in performance and satisfaction with daily activities among moderately and severely disabled individuals with MS during a 2-year, multidisciplinary, group-based, outpatient rehabilitation program comprising education in self-management and compensatory techniques, exercise, and guided peer support.
Thirty-eight adults with moderate disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale [EDSS] score of 4.0-5.5, 74% women, mean age of 48) and 41 individuals with severe disability (EDSS 6.0-8.5, 63% women, mean age of 48) were assessed at baseline and after 12 and 21 months of outpatient rehabilitation using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). Group × time interactions were analyzed using mixed analysis of variance. Participants' explanations of reasons for changes in activity performance were collected via semistructured interviews and analyzed content.
Statistically significant improvements in COPM performance and satisfaction scores were reported in both groups from baseline to 21 months of rehabilitation. No significant between-group differences in improvement were observed. The self-reported reasons for improvement were mainly linked to environmental factors.
The outpatient rehabilitation program, including 4 themes — cognition, mood, energy conservation, and body control — improved the self-reported performance of patients with MS with moderate and severe disabilities. Environmental factors warrant consideration during rehabilitation.
Maarit E Karhula, Katja Kanelisto, Päivi Hämäläinen, Juhani Ruutiainen, Pertti Era, Arja Häkkinen, Anna-Liisa Salminen
- Vertaisarvioitu: kyllä.
- Avoin saatavuus: kyllä.
- Koko viite: Karhula, M. E., Kanelisto, K., Hämäläinen, P., Ruutiainen, J., Era, P., Häkkinen, A., & Salminen, A. L. (2022). Self-reported Reasons for Changes in Performance of Daily Activities During a 2-Year Multidisciplinary Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation. International journal of MS care, 24(3), 110–116. https://doi.org/10.7224/1537-2073.2020-061