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Cost-Related Barriers to Use of Health Services and Prescription Medicines in Finland: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Julkaistu 13.11.2014



The objective was to examine cost-related barriers to using health services and prescription medicines in Finland.


A survey that examined adults' experiences of and opinions about the social security system was mailed to a random population-based sample of 5000 Finns aged 18-74 years. The survey assessed households' cost-related barriers to use of health services, prescription medicines and social assistance in the past year. The responses were adjusted for sociodemographic and health predictors by weighting and logistic regression.


Responses were received from 1770 households. In total, 18% had experienced at least one cost-related barrier; 11% did not fill a prescription, 8% did not go to hospital and 13% went without another form of treatment. Of respondents diagnosed with a disabling illness or impairment, 32% reported at least one cost-related barrier. Households with below-average income reported barriers twice as often as above-average income households, after adjusting for age and health. Lower income [lowest tertile, odds ratio (OR) 5.0 compared with highest tertile], fair/poor self-assessed health (fair/poor OR 7.1 compared with very good/good), younger age (18-34 years OR 3.8 compared with 65-74 years), lower education (primary OR 1.6 compared with tertiary) and female gender (OR 1.4) were significantly associated with more frequent cost-related barriers. Overall, 34% of households who encountered cost-related barriers had applied for and 17% had received social assistance.


Cost-related barriers were common among respondents with low income and/or poor health. These barriers may thus have a role in creating inequities in access to health care in Finland.

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Katri Aaltonen, Jani Miettinen, Ilpo Airio, Jaana E Martikainen, Leena K Saastamoinen, J Simon Bell, Sirpa Hartikainen, Pauline Norris

Lisätietoja julkaisusta

  • Vertaisarvioitu: kyllä.
  • Avoin saatavuus: ei.
  • Koko viite: Aaltonen, K., Miettinen, J., Airio, I., Martikainen, J. E., Saastamoinen, L. K., Bell, J. S., Hartikainen, S., & Norris, P. (2015). Cost-related barriers to use of health services and prescription medicines in Finland: a cross-sectional survey. European journal of public health, 25(3), 368–372. 

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